PCOS Specialist

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the leading causes of infertility affecting more than 10 million women around the world. But with the help of Dr. Madanes and the expert staff at the Midwest Fertility Center, women with PCOS can conceive healthy, happy babies. If you live in the Chicago or Northwest Indiana area and are concerned about your fertility, you can pick up the phone or book online to schedule a consultation with Dr. Madanes today.

PCOS (Polycystic ovary syndrome) Q & A

by Amos E. Madanes, MD


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What is PCOS?

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) disrupts your regular menstrual cycle and healthy ovulation, preventing the egg from developing or being released as it should every month. As a result, those follicles can turn into ovarian cysts that either go away on their own or require surgical removal.

PCOS primarily involves two different hormones:


Androgens are principally male hormones, but females produce them as well. Androgens control the development of “male” traits like balding. Women with PCOS have more androgens than is average for their sex, and these higher levels of androgens prevent ovulation and cause symptoms like facial hair, acne, and irregular periods.


PCOS is part of a more significant metabolic syndrome, according to current medical findings. The culprit seems to be a disorder of the glucose metabolism as expressed in insulin resistance. Due to the body's resistance to insulin action, massive amounts of insulin are necessary. Aside from putting you at risk of developing adult-onset diabetes, high levels of insulin interfere with ovarian function and cause increased androgen secretion by the ovaries. 

How is PCOS diagnosed?

Dr. Madanes usually makes a PCOS diagnosis after ruling out other conditions. After evaluating your symptoms, vitals, and family medical history, Dr. Madanes may order hormone tests and perform a sonogram to look at your ovaries and do a full metabolic syndrome assessment before confirming a diagnosis.

Diagnosing PCOS is critical. Not only can it impact your fertility, but sleep apnea, obesity, diabetes, heart disease, and endometrial cancer are all linked to PCOS. Pregnant women with PCOS are also at a higher risk for problems during pregnancy and delivery.

How is PCOS treated?

If you have PCOS, you’ll be relieved to know it doesn’t mean you can’t get pregnant. PCOS has multiple treatment options, starting with medication to help with insulin resistance, followed by prescriptions to help induce ovulation, and finally IVF.

Every case of PCOS is unique. Dr. Madanes works with you to develop the best treatment plan available based on your specific fertility issues.

To discuss PCOS and how it relates to infertility, schedule an appointment with the Midwest Fertility Center by calling or using the convenient online request tool.

Accepted Insurance Options & Plans

Midwest Fertility Center contracts with a variety of local and national insurance carriers, HMO, and PPO networks. A comprehensive list of accepted insurance options and plans is available for your review on the right. Often, our patients find they have more insurance coverage than anticipated! To confirm your specific coverage, please contact our office to speak with a patient advocate.

Blue Cross Blue Shield of Illinois
Private Healthcare Systems
United Healthcare

Words from our patients

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    "Our first appointment was 6 months ago, and we are proud to say we are almost 3 months along. The entire staff was professional, friendly, assuring, and helpful."

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    "We had a successful IVF cycle with Dr. Madanes after two failed IVF cycles in another clinic. Dr. Madanes was very professional, warm and compassionate."

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    "I had a wonderful experience with my treatment at Midwest Fertility Center. They held my hand through every step of IVF. I am due to deliver in October of this year."

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